Linux

How to create a network share via Samba CLI

Jasper Disanto / September 18, 2018

How to Create a Network Share Via Samba Via CLI (Command-line interface/Linux Terminal) – Uncomplicated, Simple and Brief Way!

In this text, I teach how to create a network share via Samba using the CLI in an uncomplicated, simple and brief way targeting Windows users.

Procedures:

All commands must be done as root (precede each command with ‘sudo’ or use ‘sudo su’).

  1. Install Samba: 
    sudo apt-get update
    
    sudo apt-get install samba
  2. Set a password for your user in Samba
    sudo smbpasswd -a <user_name>
  3. Samba uses a separate set of passwords than the standard Linux system accounts (stored in /etc/samba/smbpasswd), so you’ll need to create a Samba password for yourself. This tutorial implies that you will use your own user and it does not cover situations involving other users passwords, groups, etc…

    Tip1: Use the password for your own user to facilitate.

    Tip2: Remember that your user must have permission to write and edit the folder you want to share.

EX:

sudo chown <user_name> /var/opt/blah/blahblah

sudo chown :<user_name> /var/opt/blah/blahblah

4. Create a directory to be shared

mkdir /home/<user_name>/<folder_name>

5. Make a safe backup copy of the original smb.conf file to your home folder, in case you make an error

 

sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf ~
Edit the file "/etc/samba/smb.conf"
sudo nano /etc/samba/smb.conf

6. Once “smb.conf” has loaded, add this to the very end of the file:

[<folder_name>]

path = /home/<user_name>/<folder_name>

available = yes

valid users = <user_name>

read only = no

browseable = yes

public = yes

writable = yes

Tip: There Should be in the spaces between the lines, and note quote also there should be a single space both before and after each of the equal signs.

7. Restart the samba:

sudo service smbd restart

8. Once Samba has restarted, use this command to check your smb.conf for any syntax errors

testparm

9. To access your network share

To access your network share use your username (<user_name>) and password through the path “smb://<HOST_IP_OR_NAME>/<folder_name>/” (Linux users) or “\\<HOST_IP_OR_NAME>\<folder_name>\” (Windows users). Note that “<folder_name>” value is passed in “[<folder_name>]”, in other words, the share name you entered in “/etc/samba/smb.conf”.

 

Note: The default user group of samba is “WORKGROUP”.

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